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Antimycobacterial, cytotoxic, and antioxidant activities of abietane diterpenoids isolated from plectranthus madagascariensis

Ndjoubi, K.O.
Sharma, R.
Badmus, J.A.
Jacobs, A.
Jordaan, A.
Marnewick, J.
Warner, D.F.
Hussein, A.A.
Medicinal plants of the Plectranthus genus (Lamiaceae) are well known for their ethnomedicinal applications. Plectranthus madagascariensis, which is native to South Africa, is traditionally used in the treatment of respiratory conditions, scabies, and cutaneous wounds. The phytochemical studies of P. madagascariensis led to the isolation of five known royleanone abietanes, namely, 6β,7α-dihydroxyroyleanone (1), 7α-acetoxy-6β-hydroxyroyleanone (2), horminone (3), coleon U quinone (4), and carnosolon (5). The relative configuration of compound 2 was established by X-ray analysis. Compounds 1–4 showed antimycobacterial activity (Minimum inhibitory concentration for 90% inhibition, MIC90 = 5.61–179.60 μM) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Compound 4 and 5 showed comparable toxicity (Concentration for 50% inhibition, IC50 98.49 μM and 79.77 μM) to tamoxifen (IC50 22.00 μg/mL) against HaCaT cells. Compounds 1–5 showed antioxidant activity through single-electron transfer (SET) and/or hydrogen-atom transfer (HAT) with compound 5 being the most active antioxidant agent. Compounds 3 and 5 were isolated for the first time from P. madagascariensis. The observed results suggest P. madagascariensis as an important ethnomedicinal plant and as a promising source of diterpenoids with potential use in the treatment of tuberculosis and psoriasis.
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Plectranthus madagascariensis,Abietane diterpenoids,Antioxidant,Tuberculosis,Cytotoxicity,SDG-03 Good health and well-being
Ndjoubi KO, Sharma R, Badmus JA, Jacobs A, Jordaan A, Marnewick J, Warner DF, Hussein AA. Antimycobacterial, Cytotoxic, and Antioxidant Activities of Abietane Diterpenoids Isolated from Plectranthus madagascariensis. Plants (Basel). 2021 Jan 19;10(1):175. doi: 10.3390/plants10010175.
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