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Synergistic enhancement of beta-lactam antibiotics by modified tunicamycin analogs TunR1 and TunR2

Price, N.P.J
Jackson, M.A
Singh, V
Hartman, T.M
Blackburn, J.A
Dowd, P.F
The β-lactams are the most widely used group of antibiotics in human health and agriculture, but this is under threat due to the persistent rise of pathogenic resistance. Several compounds, including tunicamycin (TUN), can enhance the antibacterial activity of the β-lactams to the extent of overcoming resistance, but the mammalian toxicity of TUN has precluded its use in this role. Selective hydrogenation of TUN produces modified compounds (TunR1 and TunR2), which retain the enhancement of β-lactams while having much lower mammalian toxicity. Here we show that TunR1 and TunR2 enhance the antibacterial activity of multiple β-lactam family members, including penems, cephems, and third-generation penicillins, to a similar extent as does the native TUN. Eleven of the β-lactams tested were enhanced from 2 to >256-fold against Bacillus subtilis, with comparable results against a penicillin G-resistant strain. The most significant enhancements were obtained with third-generation aminothiazolidyl cephems, including cefotaxime, ceftazidime, and cefquinome. These results support the potential of low toxicity tunicamycin analogs (TunR1 and TunR2) as clinically valid, synergistic enhancers for a broad group of β-lactam antibiotics.
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Springer Nature
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Antibiotics,Beta-lactam,Antibacteria,Tunicamycin analogs
Price NPJ, Jackson MA, Singh V, Hartman TM, Blackburn JA, Dowd PF. Synergistic enhancement of beta-lactam antibiotics by modified tunicamycin analogs TunR1 and TunR2. The Journal of Antibiotics. 2019;72(11):807-15. DOI: 10.1038/s41429-019-0220-x.
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