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Safety evaluation and colonisation abilities of four lactic acid bacteria as future probiotics

Dlamini, Z.C
Langa, R.L.S
Aiyegoro, O.A
Okoh, A.I
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The study evaluated the safety and colonisation properties of four lactic acid bacteria (LAB), by determining their cell hydrophobicity and aggregation abilities. In addition, the presence of virulence and resistance genes was assayed in these probiotic candidates. Lactobacillus reuteri ZJ625, Lactobacillus reuteri VB4, Lactobacillus salivarius ZJ614 and Streptococcus salivarius NBRC13956 were tested for cell surface hydrophobicity abilities against xylene, chloroform and ethyl acetate. The isolates were also tested for auto-aggregation and co-aggregation abilities; the optical densities of cell growth were measured after 1, 2, 3 and 4 h of experimental set-up. DNA was extracted from all the four isolates and amplified using PCR with specific primers to detect virulence genes of adhesion collagen protein (ace) and aggregation substances (agg and asa); also, resistance genes of Vancomycin vanA, Vancomycin vanC1 and Vancomycin vanC2/3 were assayed in the four isolates. The isolates showed high hydrophobicity to all solvents: xylene (78-84%), chloroform (68-75%) and ethyl acetate (52-60%). High auto- and co-aggregations ranging from 60 to 70% and from 45 to 56% respectively were observed in the isolates after 4 h of incubation at 37 °C. Some of the tested isolates showed the presence of virulence and resistance genes; however, this does not indicate that these genes are unsafe because their transmission and expression abilities are unknown. Therefore, in this study, the isolates studied are considered safe for use as future probiotics, as revealed from results presented, which generally represents the scanned safety evaluations of the isolates as promising probiotics.
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Springer Nature
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Auto-aggregation,Co-aggregation,Hydrophobicity,Probiotics,Resistant genes,Virulent genes,SDG-03 Good health and well-being
Dlamini ZC, Langa RLS, Aiyegoro OA, Okoh AI. Safety Evaluation and Colonisation Abilities of Four Lactic Acid Bacteria as Future Probiotics. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019 Jun;11(2):397-402. doi: 10.1007/s12602-018-9430-y.
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