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Establishment and equilibrium levels of deleterious mutations in large populations

Viljoen, J.W
de Villiers, J.P
van Zyl, A.J
Mezzavilla, M
Pepper, M.S
Analytical and statistical stochastic approaches are used to model the dispersion of monogenic variants through large populations. These approaches are used to quantify the magnitude of the selective advantage of a monogenic heterozygous variant in the presence of a homozygous disadvantage. Dunbar’s results regarding the cognitive upper limit of the number of stable social relationships that humans can maintain are used to determine a realistic effective community size from which an individual can select mates. By envisaging human community structure as a network where social proximity rather than physical geography predominates, a significant simplification is achieved, implicitly accounting for the effects of migration and consanguinity, and with population structure and genetic drift becoming emergent features of the model. Effective community size has a dramatic effect on the probability of establishing beneficial alleles. It also affects the eventual equilibrium values that are reached in the case of variants conferring a heterozygous selective advantage, but a homozygous disadvantage, as in the case of cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease. The magnitude of this selective advantage can then be estimated based on observed occurrence levels of a specific allele in a population, without requiring prior information regarding its phenotypic manifestation.
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Springer Nature
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Mutations,DNA sequence of an organism,Large populations
Viljoen JW, de Villiers JP, van Zyl AJ, Mezzavilla M, Pepper MS. Establishment and equilibrium levels of deleterious mutations in large populations. Scientific Reports. 2019;9(1):10384. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-46803-7.
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