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Effect of metformin therapy and dietary supplements on semen parameters in hyperinsulinaemic males.

Bosman, E
Esterhuizen, A D
Rodrigues, F A
Becker, P J
Hoffmann, W A
Previous reports indicated that hyperinsulinaemic men may exhibit a higher percentage of poorly compacted DNA in their spermatozoa and less success in an IVF programme (Andrologia, 45, 2003, 18; Andrologia, 2014, doi: 10.1111/and.12227). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of metformin (Glucophage(®) ) and antioxidant treatment (StaminoGro(®) ) on the semen parameters of hyperinsulinaemic men. Nineteen hyperinsulinaemic male patients were treated for 3 months with metformin alone (Group A), and fifteen patients used metformin in combination with the nutritional supplement (Group B). Combined data of the two groups (pre- and post-treatment) differ significantly regarding sperm morphology (P = 0.0003) and CMA3 (P < 0.0001) values. The improvement in sperm morphology after treatment was similar for the two respective groups (P < 0.05). The morphological normal sperm forms increased from the mean percentage of 3.9 to 5.5% and from 4.2 to 5.5% for Group A and B respectively. Where a combination of metformin and the supplement were used (Group B), the combination treatment proved to be superior in obtaining enhanced chromatin packaging quality although not statistically significant (P = 0.5929) when compared with the metformin (Group A) group. The chromatin packaging quality in Group B improved with 10% while the improvement in Group A was approximately 8.3%. Therefore, infertile hyperinsulinaemic men can benefit from metformin treatment and should be advised on the use of nutritional supplements with antioxidant properties.
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CMA 3,male hyperinsulinaemia,metformin,morphology,nutritional supplement,dietary supplements
Effect of metformin therapy and dietary supplements on semen parameters in hyperinsulinaemic males. 2015, 47 (9):974-9 Andrologia
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