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Preexisting morbidity profile of women newly diagnosed with breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa: African breast cancer—Disparities in outcomes study

Ayeni, O.A.
Norris, S.A.
Joffe, M.
Cubasch, H.
Galukande, M.
Zietsman, A.
Parham, G.
Adisa, C.
Anele, A.
Schüz, J.
... show 4 more
The presence of preexisting morbidities poses a challenge to cancer patient care. There is little information on the profile and prevalence of multi‐morbidities in breast cancer patients across middle income countries (MIC) to lower income countries (LIC) in sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA). The African Breast Cancer–Disparities in Outcomes (ABC‐DO) breast cancer cohort spans upper MICs South Africa and Namibia, lower MICs Zambia and Nigeria and LIC Uganda. At cancer diagnosis, seven morbidities were assessed: obesity, hypertension, diabetes, asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart disease, tuberculosis and HIV. Logistic regression models were used to assess determinants of morbidities and the influence of morbidities on advanced stage (stage III/IV) breast cancer diagnosis. Among 2189 women, morbidity prevalence was the highest for obesity (35%, country‐specific range 15‐57%), hypertension (32%, 15‐51%) and HIV (16%, 2‐26%) then for diabetes (7%, 4%‐10%), asthma (4%, 2%‐10%), tuberculosis (4%, 0%‐8%) and heart disease (3%, 1%‐7%). Obesity and hypertension were more common in upper MICs and in higher socioeconomic groups. Overall, 27% of women had at least two preexisting morbidities. Older women were more likely to have obesity (odds ratio: 1.09 per 10 years, 95% CI 1.01‐1.18), hypertension (1.98, 1.81‐2.17), diabetes (1.51, 1.32‐1.74) and heart disease (1.69, 1.37‐2.09) and were less likely to be HIV positive (0.64, 0.58‐0.71). Multi‐morbidity was not associated with stage at diagnosis, with the exception of earlier stage in obese and hypertensive women. Breast cancer patients in higher income countries and higher social groups in SSA face the additional burden of preexisting non‐communicable diseases, particularly obesity and hypertension, exacerbated by HIV in Southern/Eastern Africa.
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Breast cancer,Chronic condition,Multimorbidity,sub-Saharan Africa,SDG-03 Good health and well-being
Ayeni OA, Norris SA, Joffe M, Cubasch H, Galukande M, Zietsman A, Parham G, Adisa C, Anele A, Schüz J, Anderson BO, Foerster M, Dos Santos Silva I, McCormack VA. Preexisting morbidity profile of women newly diagnosed with breast cancer in sub-Saharan Africa: African Breast Cancer-Disparities in Outcomes study. Int J Cancer. 2021 May 1;148(9):2158-2170. doi: 10.1002/ijc.33387
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