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dc.contributor.authorMargaret, S.W.
dc.contributor.authorSteve, A.S.O.
dc.contributor.authorLee-Chayne, J.R.
dc.identifier.citationWestaway MS, Olorunju SAS, Rai L-CJ. Which personal quality of life domains affect the happiness of older South Africans? Quality of Life Research: An International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation - Official Journal of the International Society of Quality of Life Research [Internet].en_US
dc.description.abstractAbstract Objective To ascertain which quality of life domains affect the happiness of older South Africans. Method Seven hundred and ten respondents, aged between 50 years and 93 years, participated in the study. Seven single items assessed satisfaction with: oneself, family life, friendship, one’s time to do things, neighbours, social life and health. Responses were summed for overall quality of life. A 31-item scale measured satisfaction with activities (16 items), financial situation (7 items) and people (8 items). One item measured global happiness. Results Coefficient alpha was 0.90 (7-item quality of life scale), 0.95 (activities scale) and 0.87 (finances and people scales). Although there some racial differences on the 10 quality of life domains and happiness, Black respondents, who acted as caregivers, had a poorer quality of life and were less happy (P < 0.05) than those without these responsibilities. Stepwise multiple regression revealed that satisfaction with social life was the most important predictor of happiness for Blacks and Indians; satisfaction with oneself for Whites, and time to do things for Coloureds. Overall findings suggested that three out of the ten domains adequately represented perceived quality of life, care-giving responsibilities negatively affect quality of life and happiness and race plays a role in predicting happiness.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank the residents of Atteridgeville, Laudium, Eersterust, Pretoria West and North for participating in the study; the questionnaire administrators, with a special thanks to Mpho Sesing and Annie Swanepoel, for their positive commitment to the study; and Emily Gomes and Alta Hansen for typing the questionnaire, data coding and cleaning.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlands.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectPersonal quality of lifeen_US
dc.subjectOlder South Africans.en_US
dc.titleWhich personal quality of life domains affect the happiness of older South Africans?en_US
dc.contributor.departmentAff1Environment and Health Research Unit, Medical Research Council / 0000000091550024en_US
dc.research.unitEnvironment and Healthen_US

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Attribution 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 United States