Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSchutte, A.E.
dc.contributor.authorHuisman, H.W.
dc.contributor.authorVan Rooyen, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorDe Ridder, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorMalan, N.T.
dc.identifier.citationSCHUTTE AE, HUISMAN HW, VAN ROOYEN JM, DE RIDDER JH, MALAN NT. Associations between arterial compliance and anthropometry of children from four ethnic groups in South Africa: The THUSA BANA study. Blood pressure [Internet]. 2003 Jan 1en_US
dc.description.abstractAim: To investigate whether associations and differences exist regarding the arterial compliance, dietary intake and anthropometric parameters of children of four different ethnic groups in South Africa. Study design: In this study, 1244 children from four ethnic groups, aged 10-15 years, were randomly selected from five regions of the North West Province. Blood pressure was measured with a Finapres apparatus and analysed to obtain systemic arterial compliance. Measurements were done to obtain body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio and percentage body fat. Dietary intake was determined with a 24-h dietary recall questionnaire. Results: The black and mixed-origin subjects indicated the lowest values (p ≤ 0.05) for BMI, percentage body fat, and dietary intake, whereas the white and Indian subjects showed significantly higher values than the other ethnic groups. The white and Indian children had significantly higher arterial compliance than the black and mixed-origin children at all ages from 10 to 15 years. Compliance showed significant correlations with all anthropometric parameters. Conclusion: Since black and mixed-origin children have the highest prevalence of undernutrition and stunted growth, it is suggested that parental undernutrition and inadequate nutrition in early life, associated with lower arterial compliance, may lead to the onset of adult hypertension..en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank Prof. F. C. Eloff, Mrs L. Malan and Mr R.Schutte for their contributions during this study,as well as the whole THUSA BANA research team of the Potchefstroom University for CHE.We would also like to thank those who have funded this study: The SA Sugar Association, the Medical Research Council of South Africa, the Potchefstroom University for CHE, Hypertension Society of SA and Department of Trade and Industry through the THRIP system. The authors are also grateful to Prof. H. S. Steyn for his statistical consultation.en_US
dc.relation.url .en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectBiological and medical sciencesen_US
dc.subjectBlood and lymphatic vesselsen_US
dc.subjectRisk factoren_US
dc.titleAssociation between arterial compliance and anthropometry of children from four ethnic groups in South Africa: the Thusa bana studyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSchool for Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Potchefstroom, South Africaen_US
dc.identifier.journalBlood Pressureen_US
dc.research.unitClosed Unitsen_US

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 United States