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Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel quinoline-piperidine scaffolds as antiplasmodium agents

Van de Walle, T.
Boone, M.
Van Puyvelde, J.
Combrinck, J.
Smith, P.J.
Chibale, K.
Mangelinckx, S.
D'hooghe, M.
Abstract
The parasitic disease malaria places almost half of the world's population at risk of infection and is responsible for more than 400,000 deaths each year. The first-line treatment, artemisinin combination therapies (ACT) regimen, is under threat due to emerging resistance of Plasmodium falciparum strains in e.g. the Mekong delta. Therefore, the development of new antimalarial agents is crucial in order to circumvent the growing resistance. Chloroquine, the long-established antimalarial drug, still serves as model compound for the design of new quinoline analogues, resulting in numerous new active derivatives against chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum strains over the past twenty years. In this work, a set of functionalized quinoline analogues, decorated with a modified piperidine-containing side chain, was synthesized. Both amino- and (aminomethyl)quinolines were prepared, resulting in a total of 18 novel quinoline-piperidine conjugates representing four different chemical series. Evaluation of their in vitro antiplasmodium activity against a CQ-sensitive (NF54) and a CQ-resistant (K1) strain of P. falciparum unveiled highly potent activities in the nanomolar range against both strains for five 4-aminoquinoline derivatives. Moreover, no cytotoxicity was observed for all active compounds at the maximum concentration tested. These five new aminoquinoline hit structures are therefore of considerable value for antimalarial research and have the potency to be transformed into novel antimalarial agents upon further hit-to-lead optimization studies.
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Date
2020-07-15
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Publisher
Elsevier
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Keywords
Chloroquine , Malaria , Piperidines , Plasmodium , Quinolines , SDG-03 Good health and well-being
Citation
Van de Walle T, Boone M, Van Puyvelde J, Combrinck J, Smith PJ, Chibale K, Mangelinckx S, D'hooghe M. Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel quinoline-piperidine scaffolds as antiplasmodium agents. Eur J Med Chem. 2020 Jul 15;198:112330. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2020.112330. Epub 2020 Apr 23.
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