Correlates of Lifetime Trauma Exposure Among Pregnant Women from Cape Town, South Africa

dc.contributor.authorMyers, Bronwynen
dc.contributor.authorJones, Hendrée E.en
dc.contributor.authorDoherty, Irene A.en
dc.contributor.authorKline, Tracy L.en
dc.contributor.authorKey, Mary E.en
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Kimen
dc.contributor.authorWechsberg, Wendee M.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-15T11:56:57Zen
dc.date.available2015-12-15T11:56:57Zen
dc.date.epub2015-02-24en
dc.date.issued2015-06en
dc.description.abstractA cross-sectional survey of 298 pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa was conducted to examine socio-demographic, reproductive health, mental health, and relationship correlates of lifetime trauma exposure and whether these correlates vary as a function of age. Overall, 19.8 % of participants reported trauma exposure. We found similarities and differences in correlates of trauma exposure among women in emerging adulthood and older women. Prior termination of pregnancy was associated with trauma exposure in both age groups. Difficulties in resolving arguments, lifetime substance use, and a prior sexually transmitted infection were associated with trauma exposure among women in emerging adulthood. In contrast, depression and awareness of substance abuse treatment programmes were associated with trauma exposure among older women. These findings highlight the need for interventions that prevent and treat trauma exposure among vulnerable women. Such interventions should be tailored to address the correlates of trauma exposure in each age group.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) grant R21DA030565.en
dc.identifier.citationCorrelates of Lifetime Trauma Exposure Among Pregnant Women from Cape Town, South Africa 2015, 13 (3):307 International Journal of Mental Health and Addictionen
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11469-015-9544-3en
dc.identifier.issn1557-1874en
dc.identifier.issn1557-1882en
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addictionen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11288/583904en
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11469-015-9544-3en
dc.research.unitAlcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug RUen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to International Journal of Mental Health and Addictionen
dc.subjectTrauma exposureen
dc.subjectEmerging adulthooden
dc.subjectPregnant womenen
dc.subjectMental healthen
dc.subjectSouth Africaen
dc.subjectTraumatic eventen
dc.titleCorrelates of Lifetime Trauma Exposure Among Pregnant Women from Cape Town, South Africaen
dc.typeArticleen
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