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Efficacy of panitumumab and cetuximab in patients with colorectal cancer previously treated with bevacizumab; a combined analysis of individual patient data from ASPECCT and WJOG6510G

Taniguchi, H.
Muro, K.
Yamanaka, T.
Sakai, D.
Yamazaki, K.
Nakata, S.
Kimura, H.
Ruff, P.
Kim, T.W.
Peeters, M.
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Abstract
Background: Phase-III ASPECCT and randomised phase-II WJOG6510G trials demonstrated the noninferiority of panitumumab, when compared with cetuximab, for overall survival in patients with chemotherapy-refractory wild-type KRAS exon 2 metastatic colorectal cancer. Methods: The subgroup that received bevacizumab either prior to panitumumab or cetuximab monotherapy (ASPECCT) or in combination with irinotecan (WJOG6510G) was included. Multivariate Cox models were created, including the treatment arms as covariates together with patient, disease and treatment characteristics. Results: We included 185 and 189 patients in the panitumumab and cetuximab arms, respectively. The median overall survival was 12.8 and 10.1 months [p = 0.0031; log-rank test, stratified by trial; hazard ratio (HR), 0.72; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58-0.90], and the median progression-free survival was 4.7 and 4.1 months, in the panitumumab and cetuximab arms, respectively (p = 0.0207; HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.64-0.97). The treatment regimen was an independent prognostic factor of overall survival (adjusted HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.54-0.87; p = 0.0013). Conclusions: Panitumumab significantly prolonged the overall survival and progression-free survival, when compared with cetuximab in the cohort that previously received bevacizumab in the included studies. Clinical Trial Registration: ASPECCT trial registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01001377) and WJOG6510G trial registered with UMIN-CTR (UMIN000006643).
Description
Date
2020-06-28
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Publisher
MDPI
Research Projects
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Keywords
Cetuximab , Anti-EGFR therapy , Colorectal cancer , Panitumumab
Citation
Taniguchi H, Yamanaka T, Sakai D, Muro K, Yamazaki K, Nakata S, Kimura H, Ruff P, Kim TW, Peeters M, Price T. Efficacy of Panitumumab and Cetuximab in Patients with Colorectal Cancer Previously Treated with Bevacizumab; a Combined Analysis of Individual Patient Data from ASPECCT and WJOG6510G. Cancers (Basel). 2020 Jun 28;12(7):1715. doi: 10.3390/cancers12071715.
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