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Chest imaging in paediatric pulmonary TB

Pillay, T.
Andronikou, S.
Zar, H.J
Abstract
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. The diagnosis of pulmonary TB in children is often challenging as children present with non-specific clinical symptoms, have difficulties providing specimens and have a low bacillary load. Radiological imaging supports a clinical diagnosis of pulmonary TB in children, can assess response to treatment and evaluate complications of TB. However, radiological signs on plain radiographs are often non-specific and inter-observer variability in the interpretation contribute to the difficulties in radiological interpretation and diagnosis. The goal of this review is to discuss the advantages and features of cross-sectional imaging such as ultrasound, Computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing pulmonary TB (PTB) and its complications in children.
Description
Date
2020-10-13
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Volume Title
Publisher
Elsevier
Research Projects
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Keywords
Chest imaging , Children , Computerised tomography , Medical resonance imaging , Tuberculosis
Citation
Pillay T, Andronikou S, Zar HJ. Chest imaging in paediatric pulmonary TB. Paediatr Respir Rev.
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