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Prioritising action on diabetes during COVID-19

Erzse, A.
Fraser, H.
Levitt, N.
Hofman, K.
Abstract
Diabetes is emerging as an important determinant of disease severity in patients with COVID-19.[1,2] International reports from China,[3] Italy[4] and the UK[5,6] suggest that diabetes per se, and uncontrolled glycaemia in particular, and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are associated with increased mortality in COVID-19. These findings are of concern in South Africa (SA), where >4 million people live with diabetes,[7] and type 2 diabetes is recorded as the second leading cause of death after tuberculosis.[8] The diabetes epidemic is fuelled by high rates of overweight and obesity, with almost 70% of women and 40% of men being either overweight or obese.[9] Diabetes goes largely unnoticed until complications emerge, with 60% of cases being unscreened and undiagnosed. Close to 70% of people diagnosed with diabetes are uncontrolled.[10] Without adequate diabetes screening and treatment, complications and premature death will exact a high toll on households and on the health sector. In 2018, type 2 diabetes cases alone (diagnosed and undiagnosed) cost the SA public healthcare system an estimated ZAR21.8 billion.[11] This amount is more than the additional ZAR20 billion budget projected to address COVID-19.
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Date
2020-06-25
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Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
South Afircan Medical Journal
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Keywords
COVID-19 , Diabetes , South Africa
Citation
Erzse A, Fraser H, Levitt N, Hofman K. Prioritising action on diabetes during COVID-19.South African Medical Journal 2020;110(8):719-720. doi:10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i8.14961
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