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dc.contributor.authorFaber, M.
dc.contributor.authorBenadé, A.J.S.
dc.contributor.authorSwanevelder, S.
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-18T08:13:00Z
dc.date.available2019-12-18T08:13:00Z
dc.date.issued2005-06
dc.identifier.citationFaber M( 1 ), Benadé AJS( 1 ), Swanevelder S( 2 ). Is there an association between the nutritional status of the mother and that of her 2-year-old to 5-year-old child? International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition [Internet].en_US
dc.identifier.issn09637486.
dc.identifier.urihttps://infospace.mrc.ac.za/handle/11288/595214
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the nutritional status of the mother and that of her 2-year-old to 5-year-old child in a rural village in South Africa where there is a high prevalence of childhood malnutrition (in particular, deficiencies of vitamin A and iron) and of maternal obesity. A blood sample and anthropometric measurements were obtained for 118 child /mother pairs. There was a positive mother /child correlation for serum ferritin (R /0.2304, P B /0.05) and haemoglobin (R /0.2664, PB /0.01) concentrations, respectively. The child of an anaemic mother had a relative risk of 1.632 of also being anaemic. There was no mother /child association for either serum retinol concentration or anthropometric measurements. Serum retinol concentrations showed a positive correlation with both serum ferritin (mothers only; R /0.2161, PB /0.01) and haemoglobin (R /0.2807, P B /0.01 for mothers; and R /0.2710, PB /0.01 for children) concentrations. The mother /child association for iron status is probably because of an inadequate dietary intake and low bioavailability of dietary iron, which are major causes of iron deficiency. The lack of mother /child association for serum retinol concentration could probably be ascribed to the fact that children are more susceptible to vitamin A deficiency than adults because of childhood diseases.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was funded by the South African Sugar Association. The authors thank Martelle Marais, Eldrich Harmse and De Wet Marais for their technical support; the team of nutrition monitors for recruiting the mothers and their assistance with the field work; Michael Phungula for coordinating the activities at community level; and the mothers and children who participated in the study.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.relation.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1080/09637480500145913en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectChildrenen_US
dc.subjectMalnutritionen_US
dc.subjectMothersen_US
dc.subjectSouth Africa.en_US
dc.titleIs there an association between the nutritional status of the mother and that of her 2-year-old to 5-year-old child?en_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNutritional Intervention Research Unit, Medical Research Council and Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council.en_US
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition.en_US
dc.research.unitClosed Unitsen_US
dc.date.epub2009-07-06


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Attribution 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 United States