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dc.contributor.authorPluddemann, A.
dc.contributor.authorParry, C.
dc.contributor.authorDonson, H.
dc.contributor.authorSukhai, A.
dc.identifier.citationPluddemann A, Parry C, Donson H, Sukhai A. Alcohol use and trauma in Cape Town, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa: 1999-2001. INJURY CONTROL AND SAFETY PROMOTION [Internet].en_US
dc.description.abstractObjective. To assess acute alcohol intoxication among patients presenting with recent injuries at trauma units in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth and Durban from 1999 to 2001. Design. Cross-sectional surveys were conducted during a four-week period in each of the above sites in 1999, 2000 and 2001. The concept of an ‘idealised week’ was used to render representative samples. Breath-alcohol concentrations were assessed in a total of 1900 patients using a Lion SD2 alcolmeter. Results. Over half of all the patients experienced violent injuries. Across sites and for each respective year of the survey, between 35.8% and 78.9% of patients tested positive for alcohol. Between 16.5% and 67.0% had a breath-alcohol concentration greater than or equal to 0.05g/100ml. Port Elizabeth consistently had the highest proportion of patients testing positive for alcohol. Patients injured as a result of violence were more likely to test positive for alcohol than patient who sustained road traffic or other unintentional injuries. Conclusions. Alcohol involvement among trauma patients remained consistently high for each of the three study periods. Efforts to combat the abuse of alcohol would appear to paramount in reducing the burden of injuries on health care services.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of Christine Harris and Mzimkhulu Maziko of the Crime, Violence and Injury Lead Programme, Medical Research Council in completing the field work for this study, Margie Peden of the WHO Violence and Injury Programme for her assistance with the design of the study, Mohamed Seedat for his useful comments on a first draft of this paper and Ria Laubscher for assisting with the statistical analysis. The financial support of the Mental Health and Substance Abuse Directorate of the South African Department of Health (via the SACENDU Project) is also acknowledged.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectSouth Africaen_US
dc.titleAlcohol use and trauma in Cape Town, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa: 1999-2001en_US
dc.contributor.departmentAlcohol and Drug Abuse Research Group, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africaen_US
dc.identifier.journalInjury control and safety promotionen_US
dc.research.unitAlcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugen_US

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Attribution 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 United States