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Dietary intake of primary school children in relation to food production in a rural area in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Faber, M.
Smuts, C.M.
Benade, A.J.S.
Abstract
The adequacy of food intake of primary school children living in a low socioeconomic rural area, +/- 60 km northwest of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa was assessed in a cross-sectional study. Primary school children, 10 and 11 years old and in grades 5, 6 and 7, and their mothers/caretakers were interviewed. Dietary intake was assessed by a 24-h recall and an unquantified food frequency questionnaire. Local food production was assessed by questionnaire. The diet consumed by the children comprised a limited number of food items. Fruit and vegetable consumption was low, resulting in a poor intake of micronutrients. Despite the local production of some vitamin A rich food crops, the quantity grown and eaten was low. The long-term solutions for combatting micronutrient deficiencies in this rural area include targeted local food production accompanied by a nutrition education programme, to be initiated and monitored by a multi-sectoral team of agriculturists and health scientists.
Description
Date
1999
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Volume Title
Publisher
Basingstoke: Nature Publishing
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Keywords
Food science technology , Nutrition, obesity, metabolic disorders , Biological and medical sciences , Medical sciences , Human physiology applied to population studies and life conditions. Human ecophysiology , Tropical medicine , Feeding , Feeding behavior , Environmental factor , Human , School age , Food , Food intake , Primary school , Child , Frequency , Rural environment , Production
Citation
Faber M, Smuts CM, Benade AJS. Dietary intake of primary school children in relation to food production in a rural area in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. International journal of food sciences and nutrition
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